Meaning of Maha Shivaratri

Introduction : The festival of Mahashivaratri is celebrated on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of the month Magha, as per the Hindu lunar calendar. The Shiva principle is most active on this day of the year.
Table of Contents:
● Meaning of Maha Shivaratri
● Rare knowledge about Lord Shiva received from God
● Functions of Lord Shiva
● Attributes and Functions of Shiva Linga (Pindi)
● Various substances used for the worship of Lord Shiva and chanting
● Ritualistic worship
● Prayer
● Circumbulation
● Summery
Meaning Of Mahashivratri : Maha Shivaratri literally means ‘the night (ratri) of the Supreme God principle (Shiva)’.
Lord Shiva takes rest some time during the night. That time of the night, i.e. the time when Lord Shiva is resting is called Mahashivratri. When Lord Shiva is resting, Lord Shiva goes from the meditative state (Dhyan) to the state of meditative union (Samadhi). This state of meditative union of Lord Shiva is His time to do spiritual practice.
When Lord Shiva is resting the work of the Shiva principle stops,.During this time since the Shiva principle is inactive, the overall tama component and restlessness in the universe i.e. the pressure of the distressing energies increases. The effect of these energies is reduced by offering bel leaves, white flowers, rosary of rudraksh etc that attract the Shiva principle from the atmosphere. Basically on this day by offering such items we increase our sattvikta to combat increased negativity around.  
Hindus observe a strict fast on this day; some devotees do not partake of even a drop of water. In observance of Maha Shivratri people repeat the Panchaksharamantranamely – ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ through out the night.
Rare Knowledge about Lord Shiva received from God!
Received from a scholar (through Mrs Anjali Gadgil), Brahmattatva (through Mrs Kavita Patil), Shree Durgadevi (through Mr. Ram Honap)
1. Basic color of Lord Shiva’s waves : Waves of Lord Shiva are like ash. Ash represents detachment.
2. Ganga (The Holy water) – The snakes removed the obstacles in the flow of dyan-ganga (river of knowledge) from the tip of Shiva’s head and so are called as ‘Brahman’: Lord Shiva always lives in austerity (does tapasya). The knowledge attained by Lord Shiva flows from the tip of His head in the form of river of knowledge into the universe. The snakes removed the obstacles that obstructed the flow of knowledge. As the snake helped a lot to keep an unobstructed flow of knowledge they are known as ‘Brahman’ (The God principle).
3. Chandra (Moon) – The Universe cannot bear the heat produced due to the process of receiving knowledge. As per the need, the moon spreads cool-waves in the universe and reduces the speed and intensity of the heat waves thus protecting the universe. Due to this reason to balance out the heat in the universe the moon is positioned on the right side of Lord Shiva.
4. Science behind the miracle (phenomenon) of Saints producingBhasma (Sacred Ash): The Bhasma or Vibhuti that comes out of saints palms also contain the waves of Lord Shiva: ‘Sometimes Bhasma or Vibhuti comes out of palms of few saints, which means at that time saints go into Shivadasha (The state of being one with God (Shiva), the state of pure non-duality. This is the highest spiritual experience) and before going into Shivadasha they pray for Bhasma or Vibhuti to come out of their hands. When they go into the Shivadasha at that time a few layers of their palm get burned and bhasma is formed out of it. New layer of skin is immediately formed to replace the burnt layer of skin. While this is happening the Saints do not feel anything. The Bhasma formed in this way has some power of waves of Lord Shiva. So, that bhasma is called as ‘Shiva-Bhasma’. Nowadays the bhasma is called as ‘Vibhuti’. Bhasma has a divine fragrance and it relieves us from the troubles of distressing energy. (Shri Satya Sai Baba generates Vibhuti from His hands. –Compiler.)
5. Trishul (weapon of Lord Shiva): It has three tips but one main stem. The power of the three tips of Trishul is in the main stem, means that the Trishul is designed according to the principle ‘Many to one.’
6. Rudraksha (Seeds of Rudraksha tree)  –Intention of Lord Shiva behind adorning the rudraksha: Lord Shiva is always in the state of Samadhi (A super-conscious state of meditative union with the Absolute (God principle). His work is always done through the subtle. For His work to be carried out in a proper manner He has adorned garland made out of Rudraksha. Due to this while worshipping Lord Shiva Rudraksha is given lot of importance.
Functions of Lord Shiva : The word Shiva (when its syllables are transposed), has its origin in the word‘Vash’. Vash means to enlighten; thus, one who enlightens is Shiva. Lord Shiva is absolute, self-radiant and illuminates the universe. Lord Shiva is also called Mahadev or Supreme God, since He possesses all the three principles – Absolute Purity (pavitrya), Absolute Knowledge (gnyana) and Absolute Spiritual Practice (sadhana) – underlying the Creation of the universe.
1) Creation of the universe: Lord Shiva can create the universe merely by His resolve (sankalpa). Shiva-Parvati are called the parents of the world.
2) Master of the universe (Jagadguru): It is said that one must seek knowledge from Lord Shiva and Liberation from Lord Vishnu.
3) Taking one beyond the three components (to thetrigunatit state): Lord Shiva completely destroys spiritual ignorance that is ignorance about spirituality and also ignorance about ones true nature.
Attributes and Functions Of Shiv-linga  :
Attributes: A Shivpindi has the capacity to attract and emit the Shiv principle, three gunas (sattva,raja,tama) and subtle frequencies from active Nirgun-Sagun (unmanifest-manifest) principle of Lord ShivaShivpindiattacts10% NirgunShivtattva and30% active Nirgun-Sagun Shiva tattva.  This active Nirgun-Sagun tattva contains 30%Tarak (saviour) and 70% Marak (destroyer).Shivapindi emits 60% marak energy and 40 % tarak energy constantly. This percentage changes as per the requirement.
The energy may be unbearable to the Jiva (embodied soul), hence Shivapindi is usually located parallel to the ground or under the ground. The temperature around the area of Shivapindi is high and heat is experienced because of its constant emission of radiance and energy. For this very reason constant flow of water is maintained on the top of it. Some proportion of this water is absorbed in the Shivapindi.  
Jyotirlinga (Jyoti means a flame and linga means form) are the Shivlinga that are evolved on its own thus are called swayambhu, It emits radiance of Shiva principle and the energy on a greater scale, because these lingas are created with the resolve of Lord Shiva. They manifested before the devotee and after their discovery their worship begins. On the day of Maha shivratri, the emission of Lord Shiva frequencies increases by 30%.  There are twelve Jyotirlingas in India at Somanath, Mahakal, Kedarnath, Kashi Vishweshwar, Omkareshwar, Trayambakeshwar, Ghrushneshwar, Bhimashankar, Naganath, Vaijanath, Mallikarjun and Rameshwar.

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