Thai refers to the tenth month in the Tamil calendar. Pongal in Tamil means “overflowing” which signifies abundance and prosperity.
Pongal also refers to a sweetened dish prepared during this festival with ingredients including rice, milk, cardamom, raisins etc. It is cooked under the sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard as this dish is dedicated to Surya, the Sun god.
It is celebrated by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry (Union Territory of India). Outside India, it is celebrated by Tamils worldwide in countries
Pongal or Thai Pongal is celebrated as a thanksgiving to Sun God for harvest. Pongal is a four-day festival. According to Tamil calendar, it is usually celebrated from 14th January to 17th January.
It is celebrated as Makar Sankranti and Uttarayan in other regions of India.